Subject: Interesting Facts About the Make-Up Of US Troops In The Vietnam
Source: Nixon Presidential Papers.
*Interesting Facts About the Make-Up Of US Troops In The Vietnam War*
*"Of the 2,709,918 Americans who served in Vietnam, Less than
850,000 are estimated to be alive today, with the youngest American
Vietnam veteran's age approximated to be 54 years old."
Considering the kind of information available about the death rate
of WWII and Korean War Veterans, publicized information indicates that
in the last 14 years Vietnam veterans are dying at the rate of 390
deaths each day. At this rate there will be only a few of us alive in
These statistics were taken from a variety of sources to include:
TheVFW Magazine, the Public Information Office, and the HQ CP Forward
Observer - 1st Recon April 12, 1997.
STATISTICS FOR INDIVIDUALS IN UNIFORM AND IN COUNTRY
1. 9,087,000 military personnel served on active duty during the
Vietnam Era (Aug 5, 1964 - May 7, 1975).
2. 8,744,000 GIs were on active duty during the war(Aug 5, 1964 -
3. 2,709,918 Americans served in Vietnam, this number represents
9.7% of their generation.
4. 3,403,100 (Including 514,300 offshore) personnel served in the
broader Southeast Asia Theater (Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, flight crews
based in Thailand and sailors in adjacent South China Sea waters).
5. 2,594,000 personnel served within the borders of South Vietnam
(Jan 1, 1965 - March 28, 1973). Another 50,000 men served in Vietnam
between 1960 and 1964.
6. Of the 2.6 million, between 1-1.6 million (40-60%) either fought
in combat, provided close support or were at least fairly regularly
exposed to enemy attack.
7. 7,484 women (6,250 or 83.5% were nurses) served in Vietnam.
8. Peak troop strength in Vietnam: 543,482 (April 30, 1968).
1. The first man to die in Vietnam was James Davis, in 1958. He was
with the 509th Radio Research Station. Davis Station in Saigon was
named for him.
2. Non-hostile deaths: 10,800
3. Total: 58,202 (Includes men formerly classified as MIA and
Mayaguez casualties). Men who have subsequently died of wounds account
for the changing total.
4. 8 nurses died - 1 was KIA.
5. 61% of the men killed were 21 or younger.
6. 11,465 of those killed were younger than 20 years old.
7. Of those killed, 17,539 were married.
8. Average age of men killed: 23.1 years
9. Enlisted: 50,274 - 22.37 years
10. Officers: 6,598 - 28.43 years
11. Warrants: 1,276 - 24.73 years
12. E1: 525 - 20.34 years
13. 11B MOS: 18,465 - 22.55 years
14. Five men killed in Vietnam were only 16 years old.
15. The oldest man killed was 62 years old.
16. 2,709,918 Americans served in Vietnam, 58,202 were KIA for a
percentage of .0214%.
17. 303,704 were wounded: 303,704. 153,329 were hospitalized.
18. 150,375 were injured requiring no hospital care.
19. 75,000 were severely disabled. 23,214 were 100% disabled. 5,283
lost limbs. 1,081 sustained multiple amputations.
20. Amputation or crippling wounds to the lower extremities were
300% higher than in WWII and 70% higher than Korea.
21. Multiple amputations occurred at the rate of 18.4% compared to
5.7% in WWII.
22. Missing in Action: 2,338
23. POWs: 766 (114 died in captivity)
24. As of January 15, 2004, there are 1,875 Americans still
unaccounted for from the Vietnam War.
DRAFTEES VS VOLUNTEERS
1. 25% (648,500) of total forces in country were draftees.
2. 66% of U.S. armed forces members were drafted during WWII).
3. Draftees accounted for 30.4% (17,725) of combat deaths in Vietnam.
4. Reservists killed: 5,977
5. National Guard: 6,140 served: 101 died.
6. Total draftees (1965 - 73): 1,728,344.
7. Actually served in Vietnam: 38%
8. Marine Corps Draft: 42,633.
9. Last man drafted: June 30, 1973.
RACE AND ETHNIC BACKGROUND
1. 88.4% of the men who actually served in Vietnam were Caucasian;
10.6% (275,000) were black; 1% belonged to other races.
2. 86.3% of the men who died in Vietnam were Caucasia (includes
Hispanics); 12.5% (7,241) were black; 1.2% belonged to other races.
3. 170,000 Hispanics served in Vietnam; 3,070 (5.2% of total) died
4. 70% of enlisted men killed were of North-west European descent.
5. 86.8% of the men who were killed as a result of hostile action
were Caucasian; 12.1% (5,711) were black; 1.1% belonged to other races.
6. 14.6% (1,530) of non-combat deaths were among blacks.
7. 34% of blacks who enlisted volunteered for the combat arms.
8. Overall, blacks suffered 12.5% of the deaths in Vietnam at a time
when the percentage of blacks of military age was 13.5% of the total
9. Religion of Dead: Protestant - 64.4%; Catholic - 28.9%;
1. Vietnam veterans have a lower unemployment rate than the same
non-vet age groups.
2. Vietnam veterans' personal income exceeds that of our non-veteran
age group by more than 18 percent.
3. 76% of the men sent to Vietnam were from lower middle/working
4. Three-fourths had family incomes above the poverty level; 50%
were from middle income backgrounds.
5. Some 23% of Vietnam vets had fathers with professional,
managerial or technical occupations.
6. 79% of the men who served in Vietnam had a high school education
or better when they entered the military service. 63% of Korean War
vets and only 45% of WWII vets had completed high school upon separation.
7. Deaths by region per 100,000 of population: South 31%, West
29.9%; Midwest 28.4%; Northeast 23.5%.
DRUG USAGE & CRIME
1. There is no difference in drug usage between Vietnam Veterans and
non-Vietnam Veterans of the same age group.
2. Vietnam Veterans are less likely to be in prison only one-half of
one percent of Vietnam Veterans have been jailed for crimes.
3. 85% of Vietnam Veterans made successful transitions to civilian life.
(Source: Veterans Administration Study)
WINNING & LOSING
1. 82% of veterans who saw heavy combat strongl believe the war was
lost because of lack of political will.
2. Nearly 75% of the public agrees it was a failure of political
will, not of arms.
1. 97% of Vietnam-era veterans were honorably discharged.
2. 91% of actual Vietnam War veterans and 90% of those who saw heavy
combat are proud to have served their country.
3. 74% say they would serve again, even knowing the outcome. 4. 87%
of the public now holds Vietnam veterans in high esteem.
1. 1,713,823 of those who served in Vietnam were still alive as of
August, 1995 (census figures).
2. During that same census count, the number of Americans falsely
claiming to have served in-country was: 9,492,958.
3. As of the current census taken during August, 2000 the surviving
U.S. Vietnam Veteran population estimate is: 1,002,511. This is hard
to believe, losing nearly 711,000 between '95 and '00. That's 390 per day.
4. During this census count, the number of Americans falsely
claiming to have served in-country is: 13,853,027. By this census,
FOUR OUT OF FIVE WHO CLAIM TO BE VIETNAM VETS ARE NOT.
5. The Department of Defense Vietnam War Service Index officially
provided by The War Library originally reported with errors that
2,709,918 U.S. military personnel as having served in-country.
6. Corrections and confirmations to this erred index resulted in the
addition of 358 U.S. military personnel confirmed to have served in
Vietnam but not originally listed by the Department of Defense. (All
names are currently on file and accessible 24/7/365).
7. Isolated atrocities committed by American soldiers produced
torrents of outrage from anti-war critics and the news media while
Communist atrocities were so common that they received hardly any
media mention at all.
8. The United States sought to minimize and prevent attacks on
civilians while North Vietnam made attacks on civilians a centerpiece
of its strategy.
9. Americans who deliberately killed civilians received prison
sentences while Communists who did so received commendations.
10. From 1957 to 1973, the National Liberation Front assassinated
36,725 Vietnamese and abducted another 58,499. The deathsquads focused
on leaders at the village level and on anyone who improved the lives
of the peasants such as medical personnel, social workers, and school
Source: Nixon Presidential Papers.